Archive | April, 2011

Early Christian and Byzantine

29 Apr

HERE WE GOOOO!!

First let us start by saying thanks to Constantine!

YOU GO BOY!

Constantine made the state religion Christianity.

Buildings followed the basilica or centralized plans.

Adapted to the Roman basilica or civic hall. They had the nave (central axis), aisles (spaces off nave), and the apse (space that was either semicircular or polygonal)

The homes where as normal for the poor.

The wealthy had large living styles. Their rooms came in many sizes and shapes.

Virgin Mary House

Early Christain architecture was highly influenced by Roman architecture.

ARCHES!!!

S. Apollinare in Classe  [Ravenna, Italy]

Furniture!!

Furniture was very limited.

storage items in churches were the most important pieces of furniture.

Sarcophagus

BYZANTINE

Byzantine architecture was a continuation of the late Roman/Early Christian architecture.

Hagia Sophia

Tiffany Chapel

Typically your would see types of the Greek Cross with the four arms all equal length.

Also see central domes.

Doors where made of iron, bronze, or wood.

Columns where unfluted and very simple. The capitals where very detailed.

Furniture

Little Furniture just mostly chairs and tables.

Maximianus Throne

Art

Elaborate decorations

Motifs/Symbols

Early Christian:

THE CROSS!!

THE FISH!!

THE DOVE!!

THE LAMB!!

Byzantine:

CHRIST

MARY

APOSTLES

RULERS

VARIOUS SAINTS

FOLIAGE FRETS

ROSETTES

ANIMALS

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JAPAN

23 Apr

Japanese are indepentant to the outside influences.

China had a large influence on Japan’s religion, writing, and government.

Buddhism

Unity, harmony, and balance where all the things Japanese used in art and architecture.

Shibui is the highest level of Japanese design.

It includes simplicity, implicitness or inner meaning, humility, silence, and use of natural materials.

Japanese focus on the nature and man-made division.

Their homes would open into gardens unlike they do in the west.

Traditional VS Modern

Public Buildings:

Types- pagodas

temples- Buddhist temples use a layering technique.

                   Chumon (middle gate)

                   Kairo (roofed corridor)

surrounds sacred area

                  Pagoda (monument)

                  Kondo (image hall)

                  Kodo (lecture hall)

housed priests, and provided storage

shrines (dwellings for gods) typically found on sacred sites that are isolated by water, forest, and even mountains.

Torii (main entrance)

& shops

Floor Plans- contained a large central space that was surrounded by smaller spaces or aisles.

Furniture- limited in freestanding and decorative accessories

People sat on their knees on Zabutons (square floor cushions)

Often with a seating  arrangement called Hibachi.

They would sleep in any room that contained soft Tatami mats.

Futons (comforters) where thick and rolled out and served as beds.

Arts- contained bright hues of red, gold, pink, green, blue, brown, white, and black.

Roman

16 Apr

Ah yes the great Romans..

Roman’s developed a high demand for comfort, luxury, and wealth.

Roman’s where the MASTERS of ARCHITECTURE!!!

Invented concrete

Roman buildings where more lavish with decorations.

Also they maintained a ordered spatial arrangments.

Used round arches, vaults, and domes.

Roman’s would play with spaces and the relationship with each other by messing with the size, shape, and scale.

Celsius Library

COLUMNS!!

Roman Ionic Order

Roman Corinthian Order

FURNITURE!!

Luxury pieces of furniture where of grand propotions and large scale.

X-shaped folding chair

Now to modernize it!!

Couch

Now to modernize it!

Stay tuned in!

Egyptian Furniture

12 Apr

So when I though of egyptian furniture without ever seeing it i thought it was gold, hard, and flat.

Boy was I wrong, take a look at some egyptian furniture.

Egyptian’s had very simple furniture but the weathy egyptian’s had more embelised furniture.

Furniture that the rulers had use would get left in the temple.

This is so that they could use them in the after life. (Thats what the egyptians believe anyways)

Furniture from this time tended to be lower then what we are a norm to.

Now they had some cushion for their bums.

On the sqare seats with flipped up corners they used a leather cushion.

Greek

10 Apr

Going away from what all my classmates might say about greek architecture I once again decided to research.

There are three main styles (orders) of the Greek Architecture.

A lot of things we see and build today have the greek influence in them.

To me the greeks did an amazing job at building buildings.

So on to the three styles!

Doric: Known as the most basic of the three. Its a simple design and nothing to artsy. Mainly used by Spartans.

Greek Temple in Segesta, Sicily

Ionic: Slender then the Doric. The top had curved pieces that looked of waves or hair.

The Temple of Athena Nike in Athens.

Corinthian: Last is the most detailed and extravagant of all. Mostly a floral leaf type of design was detailed at the top.

Temple of Zues Olympieon in Athens

Aren’t those Greeks just so darn smart and creative?!

Greeks loved vases!

Here is a more modern take……………(not as good…)

Till next time!!

For more information visit:

[http://library.thinkquest.org/10098/greek.htm]

Prehistoric Architectutre

9 Apr

In class we discussed a little on the prehistoric time of architecture.

Well after going through the book and reading somethings and everyone else covering the text information.

I decided to research it and take it just a little more in depth.

INFO!!:

Hunters/Fishermen would take refuge in a rock cave as their dwelling. Which they would paint their huts on the walls of the caves. To signify the artist they would use their hand and spit pigment around it.

Tillers would take refuge under an abundance of trees and soon figured a way out to make huts.

Shepherds would be out with their herds and when it came time to rest they would take skins and raise them up so they could lay under them like tents.

Thats just a little something about prehistoric architecture for ya!

Stay tuned in!!

For more Information visit:

[http://www.oldandsold.com/articles22/architecture-1.shtml]

Prehistoric Picture

6 Apr

Tipi was shaped in a circle to represent nature.