Early Christian and Byzantine

29 Apr

HERE WE GOOOO!!

First let us start by saying thanks to Constantine!

YOU GO BOY!

Constantine made the state religion Christianity.

Buildings followed the basilica or centralized plans.

Adapted to the Roman basilica or civic hall. They had the nave (central axis), aisles (spaces off nave), and the apse (space that was either semicircular or polygonal)

The homes where as normal for the poor.

The wealthy had large living styles. Their rooms came in many sizes and shapes.

Virgin Mary House

Early Christain architecture was highly influenced by Roman architecture.

ARCHES!!!

S. Apollinare in Classe  [Ravenna, Italy]

Furniture!!

Furniture was very limited.

storage items in churches were the most important pieces of furniture.

Sarcophagus

BYZANTINE

Byzantine architecture was a continuation of the late Roman/Early Christian architecture.

Hagia Sophia

Tiffany Chapel

Typically your would see types of the Greek Cross with the four arms all equal length.

Also see central domes.

Doors where made of iron, bronze, or wood.

Columns where unfluted and very simple. The capitals where very detailed.

Furniture

Little Furniture just mostly chairs and tables.

Maximianus Throne

Art

Elaborate decorations

Motifs/Symbols

Early Christian:

THE CROSS!!

THE FISH!!

THE DOVE!!

THE LAMB!!

Byzantine:

CHRIST

MARY

APOSTLES

RULERS

VARIOUS SAINTS

FOLIAGE FRETS

ROSETTES

ANIMALS

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