English Renaissance

17 May

English Renaissance was eclectric.

Revealing French with Flemish styles more then the Italian influnce.

Mannerism refines the Renaissance in the Tudor, Elizabehtan, and Jacobeans periods.

England was the last Country to experience the Renaissance.

Highly eclectric and hardly classical designs.

Until Inigo Jones came along.

Italian intermingled with the French and Flanders to create a unique English expresstion.

Design:

Increase in order, regularity, and emphasis on propotions.

Silhouettes and rooflines remain irregular and picturesque.

Forms and Motifs from Italy, France, and Flanders mix together on roofs, facades, interiors, and furniture.

Tudo- late gothic mixed with few renaissance characteristics. some symmetry and order.

Elizabethan- regularity, symmetry, and mixed classical with mannerist elements. lavish decoration in the interiors and furniture. Foreign influnce dominate the design.

Jacobean- named after King James, Jacobean follows Elizabethan patterns. less individuality with more stylistic unity. interiors still lavishly decorated. furniture  was simpler.

Inigo Jones- introduced classicism to England. more as a method to building than merely decoration. he traveled and studied in Italy.

Motifs:

Heraldic symbols

Tudor Roses

Acanthus

Vines

Others are – strapwork, roundels, portrait busts, arabesques, grotesques, obelisks, caryatids, cabochons, columns, pilasters, arcades, linefold, and compostie.

Floor Plans:

Tudor and Elizabethan- rooms organized around one or more quadrangular courtyards

Elizabethan and Jacobean- courtyards placed  by more compact H-shaped, E-shaped, U-shaped, or rectangular plans.

Materials:

Brick and Stone

Half-Timber houses

Most houses in the Jacobean where trabeated masonry construction.

Interiors:

Tudor- largely medieval and somber in feeling. few classical details. as time goes by they grow with more colorful finishes and textiles

Elizabethan- brilliant colors, every surface decorated with carving, painting, gilding, or plasterwork. classical details (strapwork and grotesques are common)

Jacobean- continue Elizabethan traditions, Classical proportioned. Inigo Jones work rely more on architectural detail than color or surface decoration.

Lighting: artificial lighting is minimal, consisting of chandeliers or lanterns, wall scones, and candlesticks.

Floors: stone, brick, marble, wood

Walls: paneling usually oak

Windows: rectangular, bays, or oriels

Doors: panel doors

Ceilings:

Tudor- have medieval trusses beamed or coffered

Elizabethan- pargework (plastering in patterns over beams) some with gothic ribbed vaulting

Jacobean- allover patterns of interlacing curved or geometric patterns with Tudor roses, cartouches, strapwork, and scrolls.

Furniture:

Tudor- similar to medieval furniture in form and decoration

Elizabethan- massive heavy proportions, rich carving, and inlay

Jacobean- continues Elizabethan traditions but simpler with more formal and naturalistic carving

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