Archive | June, 2011

English Neo-Palladian and Georgian

7 Jun

The Neo-Palladian style was pretty much developed by the Whig Party.

They wanted to have a style in the English architecture that was rational, correct, and polite.

This style became a metaphor for the owners, which stated their culture and education.

Homes interior established that classical architecture with the owner’s refinement and highlight collections from tours.

Soon classicism mixed with Rococo, Chinese, and Gothic styles help to influence and develop interiors and furniture.

Vitruvius, Palladio, or Inigo Jones included forms and elements that the Neo-Palladian architecture derived from.

The elements of Neo-Palladian where symmetrical, horizontal, and classical repose.

Architecture

Neo-Palladian was the national style in the first half of 18th century.

Symmetrical, geometric, relatively plain, simple forms, proportions derive from nature, antiquity, or Renaissance

Motifs

architecture motifs: columns, dentil moldings, and quoins

early georgian furniture motifs: swags, urns, eagles, cabochons, lion masks, satyr masks, and/or foliage

mid-century motifs: ribbons, leaves, shells, foliage, birds, pointed arches, quatrefoils, and tracery

other motifs: Chinoiserie

Floor plans

typical rectangular block main house

Furniture

Golden age in English furniture

people could spend more money on furniture and demanded higher standards in the caftsmanship plus comfort

Georgian period had a high profitable business in cabinetmakers

Thomas Chippendale was the first cabinetmaker to have a style named after him

Walnut dominated the Queen Anne furniture

mahogany being a fine grain they found it easy to carve

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Baroque

4 Jun

Barococo means bizarre in Italian

Baroque architecture was extravagant.

buildings had interesting shapes, large curves, twisted columns, grand stairsways, high domes, and paintings called trompe I’oeil

Italian Baroque:

architecture expressed holy splendor

commissioned churchs with large domes, swirls, huge spiraled columns, different colors in the marble, and murals

French Baroque:

used the lavish details but was more symmetrical and orderly

English Baroque:

this style came around after the great fire of london in 1666

english baroque was more restrained

Spanish and Latin American Baroque:

they did a combination of sculptures and details

with large contrast in light with dark

 

Motif

French

English

other

Furniture

Large wardrobes

large cupboards

large cabinets

twisted columns

broken pediments

heavy moldings

floral and glided marquetry

luxurious materials includeing velvet

stones and ivory

 

 

 

Rococo

4 Jun

A reflection of time.

Known for its feminine curves and intricate designs.

Followed Baroque style but with a lightness.

Rococo used light colors and intricate designs.

Known as a French style.

Even tho other countries tried it but they failed to make it as great as the French did.

Rococo used nature for influence.

Hotel de Matignon

Hotel d’Evreux

Rococo comes from the world “rocaille” with in French means “rock” or “shell”

 

 

Rococo changed the face of architecture.

It put art, design, music, architecture, and textiles in one incredible design.

Very thing valued Louis XV.

Words to describe: delicate, beautiful, and pleasure with enjoyment

 

Motif

The open shell was very popular

Furniture

Rococo developed curvy lines with beautiful fabrics

everything was pretty and asymmetrical style

shimmering and elegant upholstered silk beds

upholstered chaise longue decorated bedrooms.